It is believed that a man should do three things in his life: plant a tree, raise a son, and build a house.
And if the first two things are relatively easy to do – the tree itself grows after you put it in the ground, the school and the wife help with the son, then the house can be a little more difficult.
So if you have the idea in your head to build a house, put aside your entertainment – games, monitoring the site tonybet.ke/results for rotten favorites for betting, and let’s deal with what kind of wood we will make a house.
The basis of reliability and durability of the wooden house is the right choice of materials from which it will be erected. The primary role is played by the species of wood, as each species of wood has its own performance characteristics. Let’s figure out what kind of wood to build a house will be the most correct, given the climate of the area where it will be located.
What Kind of Wood Is Better to Build a House From?
The wood for the construction of the house should belong to one of the conifers. Well-proven as a building material pine, spruce, cedar. These species of trees are not susceptible to rot, not afraid of fungus, mold, and parasites.
Country House Made of Pine
Pine has a high density, so cottages made of it are warm and reliable. At the same time, this wood after drying becomes very light – 520 kg/m3. Knots in the tree are directed upwards, so when you cut the trunk has an oval shape, which looks very nice. Such wooden house material has many other advantages:
- contains a large amount of resin, phytoncides, which is good for the health of people living in pine houses;
- service life over 200 years;
- no cracks, minimal shrinkage;
- low cost.
Features of Houses Made of Spruce
The cost of spruce is slightly higher than pine, while it is even lighter than pine – 450 kg/m3. Using this kind of wood you do not have to worry about the need to insulate the walls of the cottage. Due to its structure spruce does not let the cold into the room in winter and it keeps the rooms cool in summer. Deciding which tree to choose for the construction of the house, you should pay attention to the advantages of spruce over pine:
- high resistance to moisture due to the specific structure and pores;
- uniform color, due to the homogeneity of the surface and the core, which gives the walls of the house elegance;
- absence of darkening during exploitation;
- high bending strength, which eliminates the risk of deformation of the walls after shrinkage;
- no cracks, no resin leakage.
Advantages of a Cedar Cottage
Cedar is suitable for those who do not want to save on the materials of the house of wood. It is the optimal solution for houses with a large area. But the main advantage of cedar is a wide range of available wood shades. Depending on the region of growth, environment, and climate, it can have a tone from light yellow to amber with glints of pink. The weight of the wood after treatment is 420 kg/m3. The deciding factor in choosing a tree can be the advantages of cedar over other conifers:
- The content of oil and phytoncides, useful for the cardiovascular, nervous, and respiratory system;
- high strength and resistance to deformation, and such wood is easy to work with;
- low thermal conductivity and high resistance to moisture;
- unusual texture, the wooden house from cedar is preferred by fans of the refined interior;
- high fire safety when properly treated.
The Choice of Material for the Wooden House
The highest quality is considered coniferous wood, grown in the climate of northern regions. It initially has minimal humidity, since summers there are short and very cold. This affects the growth of wood, slowing it down significantly. This makes it dense, strong, and resistant to moisture.
Regardless of the species, the wood should be harvested in winter. There are many important reasons for this:
- in winter there is a minimum of moisture in the channels of trees because the circulation of liquid during this period slows down significantly, such wood requires less time to dry and is less susceptible to deformation;
- the use of winter wood allows you to reduce the final shrinkage period of the building, which means that it can be put into operation more quickly;
- immediately after logging the trunks fall on the snow, not on the ground, which could soak them with moisture;
- it is better to build a house out of wood in the winter because during this period the air has minimal humidity, it rarely rains.
It is important to pay attention to the defects of building materials. Depending on their presence and quantity, wood, according to the regulations and GOST, is divided into grades. Materials with defects are forbidden to use for supporting structures. The aesthetic appearance of wood can spoil rotten or fungal lesions arising from failure to comply with the storage conditions of lumber.
If the drying technology and storage conditions are followed, the humidity of the material should not exceed 22%. This applies to selected lumber as well as to 1-3 grades. If the timber was dried wrongly or not to the end, then in the future it will lead to its warping, cracking or change in linear dimensions, as a result – deformation of the walls of the building, increasing the gaps between the logs or beams, loss of thermal insulating properties.
It is easy to measure the moisture content of lumber using a special device – a moisture meter. If you do not have it at hand, you can simply tap on the wood – dry wood sounds resounding, and damp has a dull sound.