East Africa is now the leading construction hub in Sub Saharan Africa according to latest industry report. According to construction trends 2019, the region accounts for 40.3% of projects across the continent and 29.5% of the value.
Here are the top 9 construction projects in East Africa by value:
Likong’o–Mchinga LNG project(Tanzania)
Construction of this mega project in Tanzania is expected to kick off in 2022 and completed in 2028.Expected to cost USD30 billion, the project will be the first and the most expensive liquefied natural gas plant in the country. It is located at Likong’o–Mchinga in the southern town of Lindi.
Bagamoyo port is a proposed mega project in Tanzania.The USD 10 billion project is being spearheaded by China Merchants Holdings International. The project has faced frequent delays due to lack of understanding between the government of Tanzania and the contractor. Upon completion the project is expected to be the largest in East Central Africa.
Kenya-Uganda-Rwanda-South Sudan Railway project(East Africa)
It is East Africa’s mega joint railway project. It is estimated to cost USD9.8 billion. So far Only Kenya has completed the initial phase of the project from Mombasa to Nairobi. The planned 1,500km-long railway line is aimed at enhancing connectivity in the region and spur economic growth. The project was expected to be complete by 2018 but it faced major financial constraints leading to the delays.
Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam(Ethiopia)
The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam will not only be the largest hydro-electric dam in Ethiopia but also in Africa. The project is nearing completion despite an active dispute with Egypt which is opposed to the project. The project is being constructed at a cost of USD4.8 billion. The project is expected to initially generate 6,000MW of electricity.
Tams Hydropower project(Ethiopia)
The TAMS hydropower project is a proposed multipurpose project located in the Baro River basin in Southwestern Ethiopia. The project area is at the junction zone between the lowering, thickly wooded highlands of the Baro River basin and the alluvial, fertile plains of the lower Baro River. The planned TAMS reservoir would have a live storage of 4.8 billion m³, a dam height of 248 m and a 76 km2 reservoir area. The hydropower plant would widely satisfy the energy demand of the region, in a country whose development is crippled by power shortage.
Fairfax Oil Refinery project(Ethiopia)
Located in the Ethiopian eastern town of Awash; some 220 kilometres from the capital Addis Ababa, the refinery will have the capacity to process 120,000 barrels per day. That is equal to six million metric tonnes of crude oil.
The project, worth $4 billion, is expected to serve the country and the rest of east African market.
The new facility will eventually have the capacity of refining 12 million metric tons of crude oil yearly. That will boost the confidence of Ethiopia’s energy security program.
Nairobi Mombasa Highway expansion project(Kenya)
The two-lane Nairobi-Mombasa Highway is being converted into a dual carriageway to address the increasing traffic congestion between Kenya’s capital city Nairobi and the country’s major port city Mombasa. An estimated 95% of cargo from the sea Port of Mombasa is transported via the Nairobi-Mombasa motorway. Th project is expected to cost USD3 billion.
Mtwara Fertilizer Plant(Tanzania)
The project is being developed by Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation (TPDC). The multibillion-dollar fertiliser factory will take advantage of the large natural gas resource in the southern regions of Lindi and Mtwara to thrive. Natural gas is required for the production of ammonia, which is used to manufacture fertiliser. The USD3 billion project expected to be commissioned in 2020.
Koysha Hydroelectric dam(Ethiopia)
Koysha dam is a 2,200MW hydroelectric project being constructed on the Omo River. Construction was assigned to Italian firm Salini Impregilo . The USD2.7 billion contract foresees the construction of a dam using Roller Compact Concrete(RCC). Once complete, the dam will be 1,800 metres long, 155 metres high and the water basin that it will create 74 billion cubic metres in size.